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Pennycress biodiesel news:

Yield Lab invests in five agricultural companies
Arvegenix, based in Creve Coeur, which is developing pennycress as a crop for biofuels and animal feed. Pennycress, a member of the mustard family that's often considered a weed, produces oil-rich seeds and can be planted in fall and harvested in spring.
Yield Lab, Nation's First Ag Tech Accelerator Unveils First ClassTechli

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Carbon innovation trumps taxation
Other new biodiesel feedstocks are constantly being explored, such as pennycress, jatropha, palm oil, low ricin castor, and seashore mallow. You may be asking yourself why the retail oil heat industry is putting such an effort into developing a more ...

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Opportunities grow at WIU with opening of greenhouse
Agri News
Phippen's focus is on alternative crops, specifically pennycress, a winter annual that is used as a biofuels crop. “It's going to mean I am able to expand my research program. Right now, I've been limited to doing breeding trials out on the farm. I get ...

Pennycress? Yep, It's the Next Big Biofuel
pennycress could be next big biofuel crop Get ready to hear a lot about pennycress biofuel this year. Pennycress sounds like a name that belongs to an unassuming little weed commonly found along roadsides – and it does – but a while back the U.S. ...

Making Pennycress Pay Off
Biodiesel Magazine
Researchers in Illinois believe they have the answer to the continuing food versus fuel debate and high commodity prices that challenge the biodiesel industry: pennycress. Their excitement stems from the ability of the plant to be transformed from a ...

Sunflower Power: Newbury, Vt., Farmer, GMP Team Up in Biofuel Pilot Program
Valley News
When the faces are totally black and mostly dried, probably around late October or early November, it will be time to harvest the seeds, press out the oil and convert the product into Earth-friendly biodiesel, a process that Scott has been undertaking ...

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Minneapolis Star Tribune

U professor working to save state's pheasants and ducks
Minneapolis Star Tribune
“This all accelerated about 15 years ago when we tried to develop perennial plants that could produce large quantities of biomass to be converted into biofuels,” Wyse said. “Unfortunately, the profitability wasn't there, and still isn't.” So ...

Nature World News

Promising Biofuel Crops May Prove Invasive
Nature World News
"Some of the biofeedstocks currently being examined by the EPA for approval, like pennycress, have a high risk for invasion," Quinn said. "Others have vague names ... with no species name, which is problematic." She also mentions the Miscanthus species ...

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Daily Mail

UN warns, carbon emissions 'must be abolished' in the next 50 years
Daily Mail
The world's carbon emissions must be cut to zero by at least 2064 if the planet is to avoid the effects of climate change becoming out of control. Scientists from the UN have warned that emissions from human activities, such as burning fossil fuels ...

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Pennycress farmers say crop could be alternative biofuel -- Quad Cities News & Weather from WQAD
A June harvest doesn't seem very likely in Illinois. But the sight of a combine is turning heads in Warren County these days. “I think there's a curiosity factor,” said Jerod Brown. When most farmers just finished spring planting, Brown is harvesting a ...

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Pennycress biodiesel companies leading the industry:

  • Innovation Fuels Currently operating a biorefinery with 950,000 barrel per year capacity in Newark, NJ, and with two test plots of pennycress growing elsewhere in the state of New Jersey; in addition to test areas throughout the States of New York and Wisconsin, intends to expand its renewable energy initiative exponentially over the next 2-3 years.
  • USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research (NCAUR) The lab is trying to determine agronomic parameters for pennycress production. They have the following specific research objectives: 1. Determine optimum planting depth for pennycress. 2. Evaluate effect of nitrogen on pennycress seed production. 3. Evaluate pennycress planting date. In addition, the lab website also describes their work with making methyl esters (biodiesel) from pennydress oil: "The objective of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of pennycress oil and its methyl esters for suitability as a biodiesel. Pennycress seeds were obtained from combine harvesting of wild strands using conventional combines. The seeds were cleaned by screening, aspiration and gravity table fractionation. Oil was recovered from whole seed by passing through a screw press and filtration. The oil was converted to methyl esters using a sodium methoxide catalyst in methanol. Pour point, cloud point, viscosity, flash point acid value, copper corrosion, and oxidative stability were determined on both the oil and the methyl esters using the appropriate ASTM method. The seed was found to contain 36% oil with the major fatty acid as erucic at 38.1%, and an iodine value of 115. Viscosity index (VI) of the methyl esters was 277, with a 40 deg C viscosity of 5.0 CST, and pour point and cloud points of -15 and -10 deg C, respectively. The starting oil had a VI of 222, with a 40 deg C viscosity of 39.1 CST, and pour point and cloud points of -18 and -10 deg C, respectively. As expected, the flash point of the methyl esters at 136 deg C was considerably less than the starting oil at 234 deg C. OSI of the oil at 100 deg C was 39 h and 54 h for methyl esters. The early harvest date of pennycress, compared to other winter annual oilseed crops, will make it suitable for a two-crop rotation with soybeans in most of the Midwestern U.S. In addition, the physical properties of the methyl esters indicate that continued development of the oil as a biodiesel is warranted."